How to Eliminate Waste and Increase Profits with “Optimized Construction”

By Akio

The Optimized Construction Industry Solution Experience from Dassault Systèmes integrates AEC project data, tracks progress, and brings together project teams – including owners, architects, engineers, general contractors, fabricators, and sub-contractors – all on a single, intuitive, collaborative platform.

You get the value of:

  • Integrated Project Plans—where project data files are integrated with plans in the same location – bringing together all information in one place.
  • Project Visibility— through real-time dashboards that summarize project status and give visibility to all participants. With real-time updates, you can identify potential problem areas and take action early on.
  • The Power of the 3DEXPERIENCE platform— that puts everyone on the same platform, giving people the ability to talk, discuss, chat, and collaborate on a project together;

Click to TweetClick to Tweet: [VIDEO] Preview “Optimized Construction” an #AEC Industry Solution Experience from @Dassault3DS

Optimized Construction connects the dots between project progress, project efforts, and corresponding 3D data – bringing it all together under one 3D umbrella for a “single source of truth”.

Integrated Project Plans

With Integrated Project Plans, AEC professionals can integrate data with project plans in an easy-to-use interface. Each project member has access to a dashboard, where files can be easily uploaded.

The 3DEXPERIENCE platform enables importing of IFC data into an object-based platform that allows individual sharing of objects to the right audience.

From the dashboard, users receive real-time notifications when fresh data is uploaded. By using these capabilities, searching through email Inboxes for the latest information will become a thing of the past.

Click to TweetClick to Tweet: PM dashboard makes
searching email inboxes a thing of the past

Formal and Informal Project Collaboration

In addition to automatic notifications, the platform provides a forum for more informal collaboration.

Through 3DSWYM, a 3DEXPERIENCE social media platform, instant messages can be exchanged among platform users to confirm an upload, ask questions, or provide additional information.

Collboration

Design Review

Optimized Construction provides a formal space for the crucial review of project information during the design stage and data aggregation. Users can place markups directly in the data, pinpointing areas of concern on the model.

After placing a markup, users can send a message from within that page to alert the responsible individual that their attention is needed, ensuring that no note goes unnoticed.

These reviews can be connected to the project plans to efficiently keep track of progress, and each markup stays in place indefinitely, so that a concern can be tracked through the life of the project.

Project Visibility through Dashboards

The platform’s Project Business Status View allows a project manager to see real-time updates for every aspect of the project. This project visibility at each step of design and construction helps ensure that potential problems are spotted well before they occur.

By integrating your fabricator into this process, you can monitor the real-time status of the work, preventing cost and schedule overruns and enabling him to get paid earlier.

Click to TweetClick to Tweet: Include #fabricator in process to monitor
status, prevent cost/sched overruns, get him paid earlier

Project Management

Project managers get an overview of the project’s status from the dashboard and the tasks that need to be addressed. This overview helps users quickly identify overdue tasks that could possibly delay the schedule. The project manager can flag those items within the dashboard to ask for an informal update from a colleague.

Users are able to make an update in the graphical interface, with no need to move into a table to enter data and recreate the visual representation. The moment those tasks are updated, the new status becomes visible to the project manager.

Project management dashboard

Project management dashboard

Collaboration and Approvals

With Collaboration and Approvals, project managers can follow-up on missing deliverables either through an instant message or through the more official channels of the platform’s Project Management functionality. Team members can quickly respond with an instant message and, once a formal resolution has been entered, the project manager will immediately see that the urgent issue has been updated.

The power of the 3DEXPERIENCE platform is its ability to bring data and people together in one place.

Click to TweetClick to Tweet: #3DEXPERIENCE brings
#AEC data & people together in one place

From unstructured communication among colleagues through the 3DEXPERIENCE platform to more formal project management tools, the platform is as much about improving communication as it is about sharing information.

Learn how Optimized Construction Industry Solution Experience from Dassault Systèmes can work to help improve your projects.


Related Resources

Optimized Construction Industry Solution Experience

Prefabrication and Industrialized Construction Whitepaper

Industrialization of the Construction Industry


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Optimized Planning: Analyze and verify your construction sequence before breaking ground

By Prashanth

optimized planning
The Optimized Planning Industry Process Experience is for construction planners, project managers, and safety engineers to collaborate on a digital model that is true to the reality of the construction process.

It allows teams to simulate and validate critical project activities—even worker tasks—before arriving onsite.

Click to TweetClick to Tweet: “Optimized Planning” simulates & validates #AEC project activities—even worker tasks—before arriving onsite

The main ingredients for creating a fully optimized plan are the project design, construction sequences, and critical resources:

3D Model. The physical asset is represented in it’s completed form by a BIM or VDC (Virtual Design Construction) model.

Processes. Construction timeline and sequences are outlined in a Gantt chart or other timeline tool to illustrate the progression of the project.

Resources. The space, labor, and equipment utilized during a project are critical to simulating the construction process, but are often overlooked in the planning phase. Activities on the construction site often have even more impact on the bottom line than the design of the project itself. An analysis of the building environment throughout the build is necessary for planners to determine how the project will be built.

Optimized Planning considers the design, timeline, and critical resources like cranes and crews to produce an exceedingly detailed construction plan and dramatically reduce the risks and costs associated with the most critical components of complex projects.

Utilizing the Optimized Planning process helps users to:

  • Minimize costs by accurately predicting workforce requirements and onsite time needed for using costly material handling equipment, especially in congested areas
  • Dramatically reduce rework and delays through rapid recalculations using real-time data in the event of unforeseen activities
  • Improve worker health and safety by identifying risks early in the design and planning process
  • Optimize efficiency of the construction project by evaluating the best resource allocation, logistics, construction sequence, and other factors
  • Simplify communication by planning, visualizing, and working from data contained within one aggregated model

Defining and validating a precise plan prior to the execution of the actual construction job is made possible with a simulation system that can handle the model, schedule, and critical resource data.

Planners may then run realistic scenarios to validate sequences, optimize the construction schedule, and avoid project risks.

Click to TweetClick to Tweet: Run realistic scenarios
to validate your #construction plan, reduce risk


See the Shanghai Foundation Engineering Group customer story to learn how they leveraged the Optimized Planning Industry Process Experience.


Review this Slideshare to learn more about Optimized Planning:

slideshare optimized planning

 


Related Resources

Shanghai Foundation Engineering Group customer story [VIDEO]

Optimized Construction Industry Solution Experience

Optimized Planning Industry Process Experience

Five Steps to Industrialized Construction

By Akio

This post is an excerpt from the paper, “Industrialization of the Construction Industry,” by Dr. Perry Daneshgari and  Dr. Heather Moore of  MCA Inc.

In today’s construction environment the value transferred to the customer for every dollar spent is only around 46 cents.  More than 40% of the tradesmen’ time on a job site is spent on material handling; most of the work on a job site is performed by highly trained and paid skill tradesmen.

Tweet: Over 40% of tradesmen’ time on a #construction job site is spent on material handling @Dassault3DS @3DSAEC #AEC #BIM http://ctt.ec/A4biv+Click to tweet: “Over 40% of tradesmen’ time on a
#construction job site is spent on material handling”

To achieve comparable results as have been seen in the manufacturing and other industries the construction industry has to take these same five steps:

1. Segregation of Work

The most important contribution of Fredrick Taylor’s work to industrialization of manufacturing was his ability to observe the skilled and unskilled tradesmen at work for a long period of time and being able to breakdown the conducted work. Once the work was broken-down it could then be managed by better management of time, location and contributing resources.

“Principles of Scientific Management,” by Fredrick Taylor

Once the work was visible and understood, it could be designed in the most optimal manner, and segregated among the resources available.

Translating the segregation of work to the Architecture, Engineering and Construction (AEC) environment of today’s world would be using the work breakdown structure from the skilled trades’ perspective. Skilled tradesmen need to break down the work based on the required sequence of installation.

These installation packages would enable creation of work packages to be built and assembled by non-skilled workers.

2. Externalizing Work®

Henry Ford’s contribution to industrialization was to use the approach developed by Fredrick Taylor and create the work packages separate from the point of assembly of the final vehicle. Externalizing Work® in construction is using prefabrication process and techniques to improve reliability, safety, predictability and productivity of the work performed and labor usage.

In a recent example, Chinese used this method to construct a 15 story building in 6 days, where the traditional methods would have taken 9 to 12 months. There were zero accidents on the job site and the building was certified for 9.5 Richter scale earthquake resistance.

Tweet: How did the Chinese build a 15-story building in 6 days w/ ZERO accidents? @Dassault3DS @3DSAEC #prefab #AEC #BIM http://ctt.ec/uddTq+Click to tweet: “How did the Chinese build a
15-story building in 6 days w/ ZERO accidents?”

3. Application of Statistical Process Control (SPC)

Application of SPC was declared impossible in the AEC industry, until the ASTM Standard E2691 (Job Productivity Measurement -JPM) developed based on the JPAC® (Job Productivity Assurance and Control) proved everyone wrong. The main purpose of SPC was to predict the outcome of a project early on, and measure the deviation from the expected output as an ongoing measurement of progress and correction.

As part of the Agile Construction® methodology, JPAC® uses the knowledge based developed based on Drs. Shewhart and Deming’s approach in using ongoing production data to predict the deviation from expected output and project the end of the job outcome deviation. Using SPC, JPM/JPAC® is able to issue early warning signals for any common or special causes of deviation.

Using segregation and externalization of work this tool will enable higher effectiveness of the labor usage both at the production and final construction assembly site.

4. Application of Lean Process Design to improve Labor Effectiveness

Toyota’s approach to Lean Manufacturing Process design helped the manufacturing industry to focus on reducing waste, and activities which did not transfer value to the final customer, reducing their cost of production.

Application of Lean Processes in construction will require the usage of the three steps explained above. To reduce waste the work has to be segregated, externalized and tracked.

5. Application of 3D Modeling and Simulations and Feedback

To reduce the cost of design, development, prototyping, manufacturing and product life cycle durability, the next step in the industrial revolution was to manage the required information in an electronic modeling format. Modeling and simulation of all the product development and life cycle management was the outgrowth of the physical modeling.

Modeling works as an enhancement of the physical understanding and design of the final product and its usage. The accuracy of the modeling can only be improved by a real life feedback process.

The feedback mechanisms in manufacturing are typically sensors, servos and synchros, where in construction due to its manual final assembly nature the feedback comes from the final installer.

Tweet: The accuracy of modeling in #construction can only be improved by a real-life feedback process @Dassault3DS #AEC #BIM http://ctt.ec/Gj32t+Click to tweet: “The accuracy of modeling in #construction
can only be improved by a real-life feedback process”

Short Interval Scheduling (SIS®) as part of the Agile Construction® process plays the role of the feedback sensor, servo or synchro. The “Lean Construction Solution Experience” developed by Dassault Systèmes is the models, simulations and life cycle management platform which enables the ability to get feedback from the final installer and model information within the work environment.

The Move to Industrialization

For the construction industry to match the productivity increases achieved by manufacturing the work has to be studied, segregated, externalized and commoditized. To reduce the cost and improve the productivity, lower-skill and non-skill workers have to be able to find work in the industry.

In order to effectively use a lower composite rate to reduce construction cost, lower-skilled workers have to be employed and used on the jobsites as well as off the jobsite in prefabrication or material management services such as vendor-managed inventory.

To manage the lower-skill levels the construction work has to be broken down into manageable chunks and the type of work has to be segregated. To allow lower skilled labor to contribute to work, the work has to be modularized and brought to the most common denominators.

This post is an excerpt from the white paper, “Industrialization of the Construction Industry,” by Dr. Perry Daneshgari and Dr. Heather Moore. Commissioned by Dassault Systemes and prepared by MCA Inc., this whitepaper focuses on industrialization of construction industry.

It maps out the construction industry challenges, relates the history of industrialization in the manufacturing industry, and summarizes five critical aspects and approaches.

Download the whitepaper and start accelerating the “Industrialization of the Construction Industry” through lessons learned from manufacturing and other industries.

Tweet: 5 Steps to Industrialized #Construction @Dassault3DS @3DSAEC #AEC #BIM http://ctt.ec/8JnV4+Click to tweet this article

 

Related Resources:

Optimized Construction Industry Solution Experience

Download Optimized Construction Solution Brief

White Paper: Industrialization of the Construction Industry

MCA® Website



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